Authorisation to Supervise One’s Interests

With authorisation (or Power of Attorney, PoA) one can decide who takes care of one’s matters and supervises one’s interests when one is not able to do so due to, for example, because of one’s illness or non-conscious state. One can be surprised that even a close relationship to a person does not automatically entitle one to take care of other person’s matters even if they are not able to cope themselves or have access to non-public information concerning the authorizing person. 

One can include precise orders to the PoA regarding how one wishes one’s matters to be taken care of or how one wishes one’s property to be managed. One can also deny the authorised person not to take a certain action or require them to seek an approval to act in certain way (for example a sale of certain asset or assets). The PoA should always be tailored to the needs and wishes of the authorising person. Authorised person can be, for example, an adult child of the authorising person provided that they accept the task. 

The original PoA must be stored carefully and government authorities can’t store it on one’s behalf. One can give the PoA to the authorised person or it can be kept in a trustworthy location like safe deposit box in a bank and ensure that the authorised person can access the PoA when needed. 

The PoA can be drafted any time but recommended practice is to have it ready well before it is actually needed. Suffering a serious injury in an accident or of a memory illness may obstruct one to give the said authorisation. In worst case scenario, one may lose one’s capability to make legally binding decisions very fast. Authorisation can only be given by a person whom understands the content of the PoA and what it means. 

One should notice that the PoA must always be done in writing and it has to fulfill certain formalities. For example, the PoA must be signed neutral witnesses. The witnesses must know that the document is a PoA but one is not obligated to inform the witnesses of the scope of the PoA.

The PoA can and should be updated if and when the circumstances change within time. The old PoA can be destroyed of one can have a new one drafted with a clause revoking the old one. When the PoA is needed, Digital and Population Data Services Agency must verify the PoA. The authorised person also needs a medical statement finding the authorising person incapable to take care of their personal matters. 

One can draft a PoA by oneself but it is recommendable to have an expert draft it instead. If done in a do-it-yourself -method, the worst outcome may be that the PoA may not be verified for instance due to the use of unneutral witness or witnesses.

Jouni Aarnio
Associate

Consulting a Lawyer is Beneficial

The President of the Supreme Court Tatu Leppanen commented recently in public (HS 19.8.) on the significancy of legal fees for the legal security of the Finnish people. The Secretary General of the Finland Arbitration Institute (FAI) Santtu Turunen, under the Finland Chamber of Commerce, wrote in an article published on FAI’s website (4.9) noting that legal fees do not constitute the entire legal fees in a case. Turunen notes that the length of the trial is a factor as well.

Sometimes, people or business decision-makers’ perceptions of the cost of lawyers’ services, or of years of legal battles, can cause a person in need of expert help not to obtain a service. This is the case even if there is a real need for expert assistance and a strong case may be at hand. This article focuses on the latter, which is why you should contact an expert.

In can be an alluring idea save legal fees by resorting to a do it yourself -solution and resort to utilizing old document templates or old document templates found on the Internet when drafting important or economically significant legal documents. However, one should approach these aforementioned DYI-solutions with criticism.

Legal document templates may be useful but one should always understand that the original author of the template is not not and cannot be aware of one’s or one’s company’s circumstances, backgrounds and other relevant aspects which may lead to the outcome that the legal document entails something that should not be there or a material clause for one’s company is not included in the document. Consulting a lawyer and asking a lawyer looking in to the case may in the best case lead to the outcome that one’s risks are eliminated or at least greatly reduced.

In some cases the lawyer’s main task might be outlining and clarifying the legal risks concerning a potential contract may include. The risk assessment regarding a (business) transaction should be in a right proportion to the assumed value or benefit of the transaction especially when talking about far reaching business decisions. Business transactions contain legal risks and these risk should be known and understood before a business decision is made.

Occasionally a person or a decision maker inside a company may have the problem that they are in need of legal advise but for some reason the threshold to obtain said advice is too great. Maybe she or he does not know a good lawyer or they think that the price of even a short consultation is too high, for example when the employer is considering terminating an employee’s employment with the company. The employer may have a legally justifiable grounds to terminate the employment (or in exceptional cases even terminate the employment without notice). If the process of termination is performed incorrectly, it may lead to a considerable bill, possible after a lengthy legal battle despite the employer having a justifiable reason of letting the person go in the first place.

Contacting a lawyer for consultation as early as possible generally has at least two perks: it saves legal fees and improves one’s legal security. Early support from a lawyer may lead to the outcome that the original risk or dispute is terminated before it escalates further, increasing legal fees on the side.

One cost effective method is to have a lawyer on a retainer. The advantage is that the threshold to contact a lawyer is greatly lowered. An added bonus is that above mentioned good lawyer is just a phone call or an email away.

In closing, consulting a lawyer does not always have to be expensive. At least, it is usually much less expensive before than after the fact.

Jouni Aarnio
Associate

GDPR – A Monster under an Entrepreneur’s Bed?

On May last year the GDPR, the General Data Protection Regulation, entered into force. The General Data Protection Regulation is in its “simplicity” a law made by the European Union, which regulates the use and processing of people’s personal data. The regulation is basing itself to the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, which are easy to be thought of as comparable to European human rights. The regulation is thus applicable in Finland in all of its text, and even though Finland has its own Data Protection Act it is only complementing the application of the GDPR. You as a natural person have rights to how your personal data is handled, who does it, how it is done, and how to affect it. Strictly this view the GDPR seems pretty nice, but as someone’s freedom if an another’s responsibility GDPR does create new and heavy responsibilities for the entrepreneur.

The GDPR is founded on the idea that once someone collects personal information of a person (data) then a legal responsibility is created for that someone to process and store that information in a certain way. What is then meant with collecting data and what is it’s storing? First, one needs to have a legally accepted basis for collecting data. In practice this usually means asking permission from the person whose data is collected. Second, if the collected data forms the possibility of a person being identified from that data, then this is to be understood as a data registry in the meaning of the Regulation. This registry forms a legal responsibility to its holder to manage and use it properly. The regulation does not make a difference to whether the data is stored on a server or a notebook. The EU-court has for example ruled that when the Finnish Jehovah’s Witness collected a list about doors knocked and houses visited, this list was unlawful as the people marked in the last had not been asked for their consent to be included in that list.

The previously explained legal responsibility is not brought upon private persons if their information collection is only relating to their own personal life and acts. An entrepreneur or a company cannot use the same exemption. For example, if your company has an application that it manages, all information collected and sent to you by that application is responsible for the correct processing and storage of data by your company. This is also the case when your store has a list of good loyal customers or customers in general. Or, for example, if your business has a website that collects a list of their visitors (which is very common for websites). It is difficult for today’s entrepreneur to avoid liability under the new privacy regulation. It is safe to say that a modern entrepreneur can hardly escape the grasp of the General Data Protection Regulation and responsibilities it creates.

Ok, so your company has personal data of natural persons (data subject), what does this then actually mean for you? As previously mentioned the first question is whether there is a basis, a proper reason, for the collection of the data. There are multiple different legal basis found in the Regulation, of which the most simple is consent. Usually it is enough that you ask for the explicit permission for the collection of the personal data. This is however a gross simplification which may change depending on the situation. Even before the collection of the data can started, the person whose data is collected must be informed on how and for what purpose the data is collected. That person also needs to be informed on how and for how long the data is stored and who has access to it. A company can fulfill these requirements with a Privacy Policy which has to be made available freely and easily. It is smart to draft the Privacy Policy with care, as gaps or digression from it can easily be pointed at by authorities. Because the GDPR regulates data on its whole “lifespan”, also storing that data falls under specific regulation. For example, storing data outside of Europe is advised against strongly, as its security cannot then be guaranteed. Responsibility for the security of the data also falls to the one controlling the data. If something surprising happens to the data or a wrong person accesses it, the controller of the data is primarily held responsible. A big part of the data controller’s responsibility comes from the rights of the data subjects. The person whose data has been collected has the right to change, remove, transfer, correct or restrict the data that has been collected from them, and which the data controller has to react in some way. As a cherry on top, the data subject (person) needs to be actively and accurately informed of the aforementioned and any changes to it.

Legal responsibility can thus be quite large. It is then natural to ask that who takes care of these responsibilities and does there need to a special hire for these tasks? The GDPR requires for companies and communities to appoint a Data Protection Officer (DPO) to ensure compliance with the Regulation. The Data Protection Officer does not need to be a person who is specifically hired for the task, meaning they can be appointed from the current employees. However, the required expertise of the position drives many companies to seek the services of an external data protection officer. This is a good solution especially for small- to medium sized companies whose budget might not accommodate hiring a “own” data protection officer.

Acknowledging all the preceding legal responsibilities it is logical to thing of the consequences of a potential breach. In Finland the authority monitoring GDPR compliance is the Office of the Data Protection Ombudsman. This national authority gives guidance on compliance, notifications on small breaches and as a last resort administrative fines. Because the justification behind the potential fines is found in fundamental rights, the amount of the fines can be quite high. According to the regulation the maximum amount for an administrative fine is either twenty million euros (20 000 000) or four percents of of the total worldwide annual turnover of the preceding financial year, whichever is higher. The Data Protection Ombudsman of Finland has not yet issued any fines, only notifications, for the reason that the regulation is quite new and its application unexplored.

Issues relating to data protection and privacy are a good example of corporate risk management. Usually, the realisation of risks and consequences can be averted by a small effort of an expert. Data protection and privacy require constant management, when it might become topical to hire a data protection officer. As Autio Attorneys is specialised in the risk management of companies and enterprises, whether it is the drafting of a privacy policy or an appeal of a fine, Autio Attorneys can help.

Jalmari Männistö
Associate Trainee

The Pitfalls of Buying and Selling a Second-hand Flat in Finland

In the sale of a second-hand flat the responsibility and liability of the seller is extensive. The scope of the responsibility of the seller is extensive both with time and subject matter. According to the Finnish Land Code, the buyer has five years to notify the seller of a defect in quality or other mistake in the contract. Those five years are counted from the moment of transfer of possession.

A restriction on this right of the buyer is that the notification of a mistake must be done within a reasonable period from the actual notice of an error. According to case law what is meant by a reasonable period here is a couple of months, which can be extended if the situation has special circumstances. It is clear however that the notification of an error should be done as soon as a mistake or error has been noticed. The notification should specify accurately what the mistake is and what the buyer is expecting or demanding from the seller as compensation, when the amount of repair costs or other damage is found out. Thus, when the decision of drawing up a notice of a mistake is made, it is recommended to seek legal counsel so that any loss or legal rights due to a mistake would not happen.

The liability of the seller is also extended to mistakes which the seller did not know about or should not have known about. This is called a hidden defect. The seller is however protected from these kind of mistakes by a “threshold of significance”, which requires that the hidden defects should be significant enough. The determination of significance happens on a case-by-case basis, but as a common rule if the repair costs of the hidden defect are over 5 % of the selling price the defect is deemed significant enough. This 5 % threshold however can only be thought of as an overall guideline as there are many things that determine the threshold of significance in the end.

According to the Finnish Land Code governing all sale of property in Finland, the ground rule is that there is contractual freedom in the sale of property in Finland. According to the principle of contractual freedom, the seller and the buyer can freely decide what they are contracting on and with what clauses. However, in the sale of property, the contractual freedom is not absolute, meaning that some of the aspects of the sale come straight from legislation. For example, according to case law, it is not clear whether a natural person acting as a seller can limit their liability of a hidden defect. The starting point here is that the seller should not be able to limit their liability in such a way, but even here the determination is taken on a case-by-case basis. Some opinions in favor of allowing liability limitation point to the common understanding and agreement of the contractual clauses by the seller and the buyer as a justification of limitation by the seller.

Effective and legal use of liability limitation clauses usually requires help from experienced lawyers. Practice has proven seeking help from legal counsel usually mitigates and lessens the need and costs of further conciliation and investigation, which naturally can be very expensive. 

You can expect experienced expertise from Autio Attorneys regarding the sale of property. Contact us for example if you have noticed that there is a mistake or defect in a property you have bought, or if you are selling a property and would like to take precautions limiting your liability and potential responsibility.

Ville Peurasuo
Associate

Why a Silver Medal Is Not Shameful – Conciliation Usually Helps

The lawyer’s most important task is to help one’s client to achieve the best possible outcome in a case. The best possible outcome sometimes depends on the client – whether it is seeking full remuneration, partial win or reaching an agreement. An experienced and competent lawyer can present multiple different options to the client aimed to solve the problem from which the client can choose the best to their liking.

Choosing conciliation may be the best option for a lot of reasons. Usually it is because of two major ones: risk management or to avoid a longer dispute. From risk management perspective the cause of the dispute can for example be a legally ambiguous question of interpretation. Then both parties have valid and sound arguments backing them up, prompting the question how should the situation be solved from economic perspective. In this situation both parties have a risk of being on the wrong side of argument. This is because law and legal texts can be abstract, and thus prompt interpretations of their meaning. This is true especially when there are no precedents by the courts or the existing precedent is not sufficient in a certain case. It needs to be said that if interpreting law and legal texts would be easy and without risk of misunderstandings, the whole dispute might not exist in the first place.

Solving legal disputes in district courts can sometimes last for years. From the client’s perspective the legal process is usually nerve-racking and seems to be endless. Even after receiving a decision from a district court the opposite party might appeal the case to higher courts – no matter how the issue was resolved in the district court. Conciliation can therefore be justified and reasonable just from the perspective that the legal process can be ended swiftly and the question of appealing the case can be forgotten. It is also possible that in some cases the different instances of court would hold different opinions on the verdict of the case, causing even more work, time, and fees to the client. One could relate the situation to Finland’s loss against Sweden in the 2003 hockey championship tournament where first there is a lead of 5-1 but in the end you lose 5-6. When the buzzer rings there is nothing to be done other than feeling bad.

Choosing conciliation as a dispute resolution measure might be a better option from financial perspective of the client due to legal fees. Going to court is not free and usually the fees rack up rapidly when appealing the case to higher instances. If for example the client does not have a good legal insurance, or one at all, the client is at financial risk. It is better to get something, rather than to get nothing.

There are many kinds of conciliation agreements. Usually conciliation ends in a solution where both parties make compromises regarding their demands. Conciliation can also result in a payment of agreed sum or that both parties agree to cover their own legal costs from the conciliation procedure. Most legal insurances cover the costs even when reaching an agreement in the conciliation process. Conciliation can feel like giving up at first, but after a while the client usually looks at the conciliation process in a better light and as a best solution.

However, conciliation is not always the perfect solution. This is due to the fact that the legal outcome might be certain or almost certain from the start. If the legal process seems to be long, and this does not bother the client, following the legal process to the very end might sometimes be the best option. In some cases, it might be so that the opposing party does not agree to conciliation – in this case the only option is to go through with the legal process – the job of a lawyer is then to acknowledge the hidden risks and their effects to the case, and to offer options and solutions to the client based on these. In short, a good lawyer always knows what would be some of the most reasonable and first of all favorable courses of action to the client in a dispute.


Elias Rauhala ja Lauri Miikkulainen

About Crowdfunding and Limited Liability Companies in Finland

During the last few years the world-renowned crowdfunding -phenomenon has been in mind of Finnish entrepreneurs and like-minded people. Crowdfunding is a way to seek funding for all kinds of projects, products and companies through a vast group of people, usually via online. This form of funding has been used by larger companies for years, but recently by small and medium-sized tech companies as well in order to enable fast growth. Crowdfunding has been dubbed as digitalization’s gift to entrepreneurs as it allows a relatively simple way to gather even large sums of money based on a good business idea.

Although crowdfunding seems to be a perfect solution in the ever-changing market of innovation craze, it is important to keep realities in mind when conducting business. In Finland, crowdfunding is possible even for smaller projects and without consideration. In this case the investment is handled as a gift which is more straightforward in nature than traditional business financing, although the business needs in this case a fundraising permit which is only granted to non-profit organizations and foundations. Unlike with gratuitous gifts, financing is almost always about consideration. Consideration means in this case that in exchange for funding the person gives, something is expected in return. Most common example of this is a limited liability company (Ltd / Oy), where shares can be traded openly. To simplify, the purchase price of the share constitutes the financing of the company and the share is the ownership interest in the company. The Finnish Crowdfunding Act calls this type of equity-related financing activity investment-based crowdfunding. Only a licensed crowdfunding intermediary mandated by the state can organize this kind of crowdfunding in Finland and the European Economic Area.

Crowdfunding can also work in a way that a company searches crowdfunding in order to produce and sell some kind of innovative product. Here the question is not about the funding of the functioning and future of the company (in exchange of shares), but the sale of a future product. In this case, it is not a question of financing the organization of the business in order to become proprietary, but crowdfunding can be considered as the purchase price of the product, so the main legal issue for the person seeking crowdfunding is the agreement with the financier. 

However, since crowdfunding is often a business venture, it is natural for a person seeking finance to form a company. Establishing a company can at first seem like a big step, especially if you are doing it for the first time. Yrittajat.fi is a good platform on giving basic information about different company forms in Finland. Although crowdfunding is not restricted to a specific form of company, the undersigned strongly recommends to establish a limited liability company. First, a limited liability company offers the clearest connection to crowdfunding in its own right, based on the idea of open financing. Second, the owner of a limited liability company is not liable for the debts of the company unless they are guaranteed personally. Thirdly, a limited liability company is by far the most growth-oriented form of a company, for example, by making it possible for several different owners to actively invest in it. 

Crowdfunding is clearly here to stay. This is no wonder, as companies based on fast innovation have succeeded in getting a quick and good start to their business in Finland. However, in order for this activity to continue on a profitable and sound footing, the undersigned recommends seeking legal consultation, for example from Autio Attorneys.

Nico Mesiäinen ja Jalmari Männistö

Problems with Verbal Agreements

In the case there has been filed a lawsuit in the district court with the claim of contractual damages. The parties had made a verbal agreement regarding co-operation. In Finland verbal agreements are as binding as written agreements. The problem with verbal agreement is that it is difficult to show afterwards what was agreed. It is the plaintiff’s obligation to show that agreement was made and what was the content of that agreement. This can be achieved through various measures, but it can prove to be difficult.

In the case the defendant tried to transfer the defendant’s contractual obligations to an insolvent third party and evade its contractual obligations towards the defendant.

We have in our assignments come across with several arrangements where companies or entrepreneurs have been deliberately deceived to make written or verbal agreements with companies that are insolvent or registered abroad. These arrangements have usually been made with the intent to gain significant financial gain.

Problem prevention is in most cases considerably more economical than problem solving after the problem has emerged. Even busy companies and entrepreneurs should carry out even basic background checks when dealing with new business partners. From the trade register you can check if a person has the right to represent the company you are doing business with. Every company should have their insurances in order. Insurance coverage should also include legal insurance coverage which will usually cover the lawyer’s fees after the excess.

Jouni Aarnio
Associate

Ps. always prefer email or text message as a way of contact — this guarantees that the content of the can read afterwards by outsiders if required. 

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Kuvituskuva maksukyvyttömyysoikeus

Maksuvaikeudet

Maksuvaikeudet kohtaavat niin yrityksiä kuin yksityishenkilöitä. Silloin on tärkeää ymmärtää velkojan ja velalliset erilaiset intressit ja niistä syntyvät mahdollisuudet ratkaista tilanne. Paras ratkaisu syntyy parhaan ratkaisukeinon oikea-aikaisella valinnalla.

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Työ- ja virkasuhteet

Työ- ja virkasuhteisiin liittyy erilaisia ongelmatilanteita, joista jokainen on ainutlaatuinen kokemus. Omista oikeuksistaan kannattaa huolehtia niin yrityksen kuin työntekijän.

Kuvituskuva vahingonkorvaus

Vahingonkorvaus

Vahingonkorvausvastuu voi koskettaa niin yritystä kuin yksityishenkilöä. Vastuu ja periaatteet ovat erilaisia riippuen siitä, onko kyseessä sopimuksen ulkoinen vai sopimukseen kuuluva vastuu.

Kuvituskuva veroasiat

Verotus

Verosuunnittelu voi tuoda huomattavia säästöjä niin yritykselle kuin yksityishenkilölle. Asiantuntijamme auttavat sinua myös verotusasioissa.

Kuvituskuva perhe- ja jäämistöasiat

Perhe- ja perintöasiat

Lainsäädäntö kattaa lähes jokaisen elämän osa-alueen ja määrittää meidän oikeutemme ja velvollisuutemme elämän eri vaiheissa. Perhe- ja perintöoikeudellisista asioista voidaan sopia ennalta, mutta riidoiltakaan ei aina vältytä.

Kuvituskuva kiinteistöoikeus

Kiinteistöt

Kiinteistö tai asunto-osake on merkittävä hankinta, johon sisältyy myös huomattavia riskejä. Yritykselle toimitiloihin puolestaan liittyy usein pitkiäkin sopimussuhteita.

Kuvituskuva riidanratkaisu

Riidanratkaisu

Sovinto on usein asiakkaan kannalta oikeudenkäyntiä nopeampi ja edullisempi ratkaisu. Jos sovintoa ei löydy, voidaan asiaa ajaa tuomioistuin- tai välimiesmenettelyssä. Selvitämme asiakkaamme puolesta oikeusturvavakuutuksen käyttämisen mahdollisuudet sekä oikeusavun myöntämisen edellytykset.

Kuvituskuva rikosasiat

Rikosasiat

Rikosasioissa kannattaa turvautua asiantuntijan apuun ajoissa.

Asianajaja Jukka Autio

Jukka Autio


Johtava osakas
Asianajaja

 

Jukalla on vuosikymmenten vankka kokemus liiketoiminnan juridiikasta, aina yhtiöiden perustamisesta yritysjärjestelyihin asti.

Jukka on hoitanut menestyksellisesti myös yksityishenkilöiden toimeksiantoja, koskivat ne sitten perheoikeudellisia haasteita tai vaativia rikosoikeudellisia tapauksia.

Jukka on tullut tunnetuksi haastavien toimeksiantojen ratkaisijana, jonka lisäksi hän toimii hallitusammattilaisena. 

Yhteystiedot

+358 10 583 5581

Suojattu viesti: https://www.turvaposti.fi/viesti/

Opinnot

OTM, KTM, HHJ PJ

Erityisosaamisalueet

Yhtiöoikeus, riidanratkaisu, vero-oikeus, rikosoikeus, perhe- ja jäämistöoikeus

Kielet

Suomi, englanti

Lakimies Jouni Aarnio

Jouni Aarnio


Lakimies
Luvan saanut oikeudenkäyntiavustaja

 

Jouni on ollut yrityksemme palveluksessa vuodesta 2014 lähtien, ensin harjoittelijana ja valmistumisensa jälkeen lakimiehenä. Jouni työskentelee pääosin tuomioistuinasioiden parissa hoitaen sekä riita- että rikosasioita, jonka lisäksi häneltä löytyy kokemusta myös viranomaispäätöksien valituksista hallintotuomioistuimissa.

Oikeudenkäyntien ulkopuolella Jouni on hoitanut erilaisia sopimusoikeudellisia toimeksiantoja kuten urheilija- ja sponsorointisopimuksia sekä erilaisiin kaupallisiin hankkeisiin liittyviä sopimuskokonaisuuksia. Jounilla on kokemusta myös edustajana toimimisesta asunto-osakeyhtiöiden yhtiökokouksissa.

Jouni on suorittanut asianajajatutkinnon.  

Yhteystiedot

+358 10 583 5582

Suojattu viesti: https://www.turvaposti.fi/viesti/

Opinnot

OTM

Erityisosaamisalueet

Sopimusoikeus, yhtiöoikeus, riidanratkaisu, urheiluoikeus

Kielet

Suomi, englanti

Lakimies Nico Mesiäinen

Nico Mesiäinen


Lakimies
Luvan saanut oikeudenkäyntiavustaja

 

Nico on suorittanut Bachelor of Laws with Honours -tutkinnon Iso-Britanniassa sijaitsevassa Kentin yliopistossa vuonna 2015. Oikeustieteen maisteriksi Nico valmistui Helsingin yliopistosta vuonna 2020, jonka lisäksi hän on suorittanut asianajajatutkinnon. 

Nico on työskennellyt aikaisemmin muun muuassa oikeusaputoimistossa, yhdessä Suomen johtavista asianajotoimistoista ja EU:lla. Yrityksemme palvelukseen Nico siirtyi vuonna 2016. 

Nicolla on kokemusta niin kansallisista kuin kansainvälisistä toimeksiannoista, kuten yritysten transaktioista, sopimusten laatimisesta, due diligence -projekteista ja erilaisista juridisista käännöstöistä. Nicon työtehtävät painottuvat yhtiöoikeuteen ja riita-asioihin, joiden lisäksi hän hoitaa aktiivisesti esimerkiksi kiinteistöoikeudellisia toimeksiantoja.

Yhteystiedot

+358 10 583 5587

Suojattu viesti: https://www.turvaposti.fi/viesti/

Opinnot

LLB (Hons), OTM

Erityisosaamisalueet

Yhtiöoikeus, sopimusoikeus, riidanratkaisu, eurooppaoikeus, kansainvälinen oikeus

Kielet

Suomi, englanti

Lakimies Julius Autio

Julius Autio


Lakimiesharjoittelija

 

Julius on maisterivaiheen opiskelija Helsingin yliopiston oikeustieteellisessä tiedekunnassa, jonka lisäksi hän suorittaa tutkintoa Aalto-yliopistossa pääaineenaan laskentatoimi. Kaupallisista opinnoista on ollut merkittävää hyötyä erilaisten juridisten toimeksiantojen hoitamisessa.

Juliuksella on kokemusta toimeksiannoista juridiikan eri aloita, kuten riidanratkaisusta ja perintö-oikeudesta. Hallintoprosessin puolelta Juliuksella on kokemusta etenkin verovalituksista.

Yhteystiedot

+358 10 583 5585

Suojattu viesti: https://www.turvaposti.fi/viesti/

Opinnot

Oik. yo, kaup. yo

Erityisosaamisalueet

Yhtiöoikeus, sopimusoikeus, vero-oikeus, vahingonkorvausoikeus

Kielet

Suomi, ruotsi, englanti, ranska

Lakimies Lauri Miikkulainen

Lauri Miikkulainen


Lakimies
Luvan saanut oikeudenkäyntiavustaja

 

Lauri on erikoistunut riidanratkaisuun ja tietosuoja-asioihin. Yleisissä tuomioistuimissa tapahtuvien toimeksiantojen lisäksi Laurilla on vankka kokemus myös hallinto-oikeudellisista valitusasioista.

Yrityksemme palvelukseen Lauri siirtyi vuonna 2016. Aikaisemmin Lauri on työskennellyt muun muassa liikejuridiikkaan erikoistuneessa asianajotoimistossa sekä luokanopettajana. Lauri on toiminut myös erilaisissa luottamustehtävissä.

Lauri on suorittanut asianajajatutkinnon.

Yhteystiedot

+358 10 583 5583

Suojattu viesti: https://www.turvaposti.fi/viesti/

Opinnot

Oikeustieteen maisteri, Tradenomi

Erityisosaamisalueet

Riidanratkaisu ja oikeudenkäynti hallintoasioissa, tietosuojaoikeus, vahingonkorvausoikeus, sopimusoikeus

Kielet

Suomi, englanti

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    Kuvituskuva rahoitus ja liiketoiminnan kehittäminen

    Financing and Business Development

    Although the type, scope and content of activities vary, the need for development and financing is common to all entrepreneurs. When changes occur, an entrepreneur faces numerous challenges that may have devastating economic consequences. In addition to normal consultative and litigation matters, we serve as a long-term partner for your company.

    Kuvituskuva rahoitus ja liiketoiminnan kehittäminen

    Insolvency

    Both companies and private individuals can experience payment difficulties for a variety of reasons. Financial difficulties and insolvency are a matter of the different interests of the creditor and debtor. To solve the situation, it is important to select the best possible measure at the right time.

    Kuvituskuva työ- ja virkasuhteet

    Employment in Private or Public Sector

    Public service employment and employment relationships in private sector involve different kind of problematic situations, each of which is unique in its own right. Societal/social changes and economic uncertainty always present challenges to the work community. It is worth seeing to your rights.

    Kuvituskuva vahingonkorvaus

    Damages

    Both corporations and private individuals may be liable for damages. On the other hand, they may both suffer damage and be entitled to compensation. The liability and principles differ depending on whether the matter involves a so-called contractual or non-contractual liability.

    Kuvituskuva veroasiat

    Taxation

    A large part of a company’s expenses and a private person’s finances is taxation-related. There are several ways to achieve the best possible tax solutions, and tax planning can provide considerable savings. Our firm has solid experience in consulting on complex taxation issues.

    Kuvituskuva perhe- ja jäämistöasiat

    Family and Inheritance

    The law covers almost every aspect of our lives and determines our rights and responsibilities in the different phases of everyday life. Although matters related to family and inheritance law can be arranged and settled beforehand, disputes do arise every now and then.

    Kuvituskuva kiinteistöoikeus

    Real Estate

    Purchasing real estate or a share of stock in a housing corporation is a considerable acquisition and, for most of us, also represents the biggest financial decision in our lives. At the same time, housing involves many other values and considerable risks. For a company, a business premises is a valuable investment that might involve a long contractual relationship.

    Kuvituskuva riidanratkaisu

    Dispute Resolution

    From the customer’s point of view, reconciliation is often a faster and more cost-effective solution than a trial. If reconciliation cannot be achieved, we provide you with solid experience and expertise in court as well as in arbitration proceedings. We will also determine whether legal expenses insurance is available and whether legal aid can be granted.

    Kuvituskuva rikosasiat

    Criminal Cases

    Crime-related matters can surprise even a conscientious citizen. As the criminal sanctions may be severe, we recommend seeking help from an expert immediately.

    Asianajaja Jukka Autio

    Jukka Autio


    Managing Partner
    Attorney-at-Law

     

    Contact

    +358 10 583 5581

    Secured email: https://www.turvaposti.fi/message/

    Studies

    LLM, MSC (Econ. & Bus. Adm.), CBM C.

    Expertise

    Company Law, Dispute Resolution, Tax Law, Criminal Law, Family Law

    Language skills

    Finnish, English

    Lakimies Jouni Aarnio

    Jouni Aarnio


    Associate
    Licensed Legal Counsel

     

    Contact

    +358 10 583 5582

    Secured email: https://www.turvaposti.fi/message/

    Studies

    LLM

    Expertise

    Contract Law, Company Law, Dispute Resolution, Sports Law

    Language skills

    Finnish, English

    Lakimies Nico Mesiäinen

    Nico Mesiäinen


    Associate
    Licensed Legal Counsel

     

    Contact

    +358 10 583 5587

    Secured email: https://www.turvaposti.fi/message/

    Studies

    LLB (HONS), LLM

    Expertise

    Company Law, Contract Law, Dispute Resolution, EU Law, International Law

    Language skills

    Finnish, English

    Lakimies Julius Autio

    Julius Autio


    Associate Trainee

     

    Contact

    +358 10 583 5585

    Secured email: https://www.turvaposti.fi/message/

    Studies

    Law and Business Student

    Expertise

    Company Law, Contract Law, Tax Law, Tort Law

    Language skills

    Finnish, Swedish, English, French

    Lakimies Lauri Miikkulainen

    Lauri Miikkulainen


    Associate
    Licensed Legal Counsel

     

    Contact

    +358 10 583 558

    Secured email: https://www.turvaposti.fi/message/

    Studies

    LLM, BBA

    Expertise

    Company Law, Dispute Resolution, Tort Law, Contract Law

    Language skills

    Finnish, English